John Gibler’s México rebelde could be said to suffer from a slightly misleading translation: the Mexico in his historical account and ensuing chronicles is not made up of rebels without a cause, as the Spanish title might imply. Rather, as the original English (Unconquered Mexico, 2008) indicates, he focuses on the unconquered—los y las invictos—who continue to resist all aspects of the conquest that Gibler effectively argues is very much still in progress in the Mexican state. In a clear reference to Mariano Azuela’s 1915 classic revolutionary novel The Underdogs, the book is dedicated to los de abajo of the past and present: indigenous communities, forgotten rural communities living in poverty, proponents of agrarian reform, Zapatistas, and individuals in the struggle against governmental corruption and exploitation. Gibler begins and ends with broad historical, political, and theoretical overviews of conquest, colonialism, and imperialism; in between are polyphonic collections of interviews, mosaics of chronicles that grow more specific as the book advances, at one point dedicating an entire chapter to Gloria Arenas Agis, founder of the Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo Insurgente (ERPI). His exhaustively researched accounts are organized, as he tells us in the prologue, so that “cada capítulo podría estar incrustado en todos los otros, o dicho de otra forma, cada capítulo sangra en todos los otros: comparten la misma sangre”.